Bille Ceart ó thuaidh, Acht Ghaeilge tríd an chúl doras

Thall ar bhlag Mark Devenport, eagarthóir pholatúil BBC Thuaisceart Éireann, foilsítear dréacht de Bhille Cheart TÉ ina bhfuil go leor ábhar speisiúil faoi chúrsaí teanga.   Tá moltaí déanta ag na baill eagsúla den Fhóram atá ag obair ar seo agus tá moltaí dá chuid féin ag Cathaoirleach an Fhóraim, Chris Sidoti ón Aifric Theas.  (San Aifric Theas, tá  dhá theanga deag le stadas oifigiúil).     

 

 Tá idirdhealú déanta sa dréacht bhille seo idir teangacha dúchasacha agus teangacha eile agus chomh maith le sin ní luaitear na teangacha atá i gceist.  Is rud maith é sin nó is féidir sin a úsáid chun deireadh a chur leis an cheangal mímhacanta idir An Ghaeilge, teanga, agus Albainis Uladh, canúint.  

 

Ag cur san áireamh an amhras atá ar aondachtaithe faoi Chearta Daonna i gcoitinne – is cosúil go bhfuil siad in éadan gach ceart ach an ceart dul ar mhórshiúl – ní fios an bhfeicfidh an Bille Ceart seo aon stadas reachtúil. Dá dtarlódh sé b’ionann é cheapfá agus Acht Ghaeilge tríd an chúldoras agus b’fheidir nach droch rud é sin, chomh fada agus go mbaintear úsáid fónta as chun cuidiú le cur chun cinn na Gaeilge ar an dtalamh.

 

GENERAL RIGHT TO CULTURE, LANGUAGE AND IDENTITY (P2, CIL) Persons belonging to a cultural, ethnic, linguistic or religious minority or community shall have the right, individually and with other members of that minority or community, to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practise their own religion and to use their own language. No one exercising these rights may do so in a manner inconsistent with any provision of the Bill of Rights.RIGHT TO SELF-IDENTIFICATION (P3, CIL) 1. Every person belonging to a cultural, ethnic, linguistic or religious minority or community shall have the right freely to choose to be treated or not to be treated as such and no disadvantage shall result from this choice or from the exercise of the rights which are connected to that choice.2. Persons belonging to cultural, ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities or communities may exercise the rights and enjoy the freedoms flowing from the principles enshrined in the Bill of Rights individually as well as in community with others.LANGUAGE RIGHTS (P6, CIL) A. Language rights shall be protected through the progressive implementation by public authorities of the commitments made under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.B. In respect of the indigenous minority languages and according to the situation of each language, public authorities must base their policies, legislation and practice on the following objectives and principles:a. the recognition of these languages as an expression of cultural wealth; b. the respect of the geographical area of each language in order to ensure that existing or new administrative divisions do not constitute an obstacle to the promotion of the language in question;c. the need for resolute action to promote these languages in order to safeguard them;d. the facilitation and/or encouragement of the use of these languages in public and private life;e. the maintenance and development of links between groups using these languages and other groups in the State employing a language used in identical or similar form, as well as the establishment of cultural relations with other groups in the State using different languages;f. the provision of appropriate forms and means for the teaching and study of these languages at all appropriate stages;g. the provision of facilities enabling non-speakers of these languages living in the area where it is used to learn it if they so desire;h. the promotion of study and research on these languages at universities or equivalent institutions;i. the promotion of appropriate types of transnational exchanges for those languages used also in another State.Additional clause proposed via email:‘Sinn Féin proposed via email that an additional clause be added ensuring that the rights to cultural, language and identity in Proposal 2 can also not be exercised in a manner inconsistent with ‘any right otherwise protected under international law’.MINORITY LANGUAGE EDUCATION RIGHTS (P5, CIL) A. Every person belonging to a linguistic minority or community has the right to learn his or her minority or community language.B. Every person belonging to a linguistic minority or community that is indigenous has the right to be educated in and, where appropriate, through their language.C. Every person belonging to a linguistic minority or community that is not indigenous has the right to be educated in their language where there are substantial numbers of users and sufficient demand.3. The paragraphs in this article shall be implemented without prejudice to the learning of English or the teaching in English.CHAIR’S PROPOSALRIGHT TO CULTURE, LANGUAGE AND IDENTITY1. Everyone belonging to a cultural, ethnic, linguistic or religious minority or community shall have the right, individually and with other members of that minority or community, to enjoy her or his own culture, to profess and practise her or his own religion and to use her or his own language. No one exercising these rights may do so in a manner inconsistent with any provision of the Bill of Rights or inconsistently with the rights and freedoms of others.2. Everyone belonging to cultural, ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities or communities may exercise the rights and enjoy the freedoms recognised in the Bill of Rights individually as well as in community with others.3. Everyone belonging to a cultural, ethnic, linguistic or religious minority or community shall have the right freely to choose to be treated or not to be treated as such and no disadvantage shall result from this choice or from the exercise of the rights connected to that choice.4. Everyone belonging to a linguistic minority or community has the right to learn his or her minority or community language.a. Everyone belonging to a linguistic minority or community that is indigenous has the right to be educated in and, where appropriate, through their language.b. Everyone belonging to a linguistic minority or community that is not indigenous has the right to be educated in their language where there are substantial numbers of users and sufficient demand.c. These rights are without prejudice to the learning of English or the teaching in English.5. Public authorities shall develop laws, policies, and practice relating to indigenous minority languages according to the situation of each language and on the basis ofa. recognition of these languages as an expression of cultural wealth;b. the respect of the geographical area of each language in order to ensure that existing or new administrative divisions do not constitute an obstacle to the promotion of the language in question;c. the need for resolute action to promote these languages in order to safeguard them;d. the facilitation and encouragement of the use of these languages in public and private life;e. the maintenance and development of links between groups using these languages and other groups employing a language used in identical or similar form, as well as the establishment of cultural relations with other groups using different languages;f. the provision of appropriate forms and means for the teaching and study of these languages at all appropriate stages;g. the provision of facilities enabling non-speakers of one of these languages living in the area where it is used to learn it if they so desire;h. the promotion of study and research on these languages at universities or equivalent institutions;i. the promotion of appropriate types of exchanges for those languages used also in other jurisdictions.6. Nothing in this article shall prevent the collection and analysis of appropriate information, including statistical and research data, to enable the monitoring of the enjoyment of human rights under this Bill of Rights by persons who are members of or are identified with or have backgrounds associated with a traditional cultural, ethnic, linguistic or religious minority or community so that laws, policies and programmes can be formulated and implemented to give better effect to this Bill of Rights. 

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